Publications

Through books and scholarly submissions, CPL faculty and affiliates offer cutting-edge research in the areas of public policy, innovation, decision-making, and leadership.

Books

Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Leadership, Nixon to Clinton
Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Leadership, Nixon to Clinton, 2000. Publisher's VersionAbstract

From Nixon to Clinton, Watergate to Whitewater, few Americans have observed the ups and downs of presidential leadership more closely over the past thirty years than David Gergen. A White House adviser to four presidents, both Republican and Democrat, he offers a vivid, behind-the-scenes account of their struggles to exercise power and draws from them key lessons for leaders of the future.

As the twenty-first century opens, Gergen argues, a new golden age may be dawning in America, but its realization will depend heavily upon the success of a new generation at the top. Drawing upon all his many experiences in the White House, he offers seven key lessons for leaders of the future. What they must have, he says, are: inner mastery; a central, compelling purpose rooted in moral values; a capacity to persuade; skills in working within the system; a fast start; a strong, effective team; and a passion that inspires others to keep the flame alive.
Eyewitness to Power is a down-to-earth, authoritative guide to leadership in the tradition of Richard Neustadt's Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents

Leadership Without Easy Answers
Heifetz, Ronald. Leadership Without Easy Answers, 1994. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The economy uncertain, education in decline, cities under siege, crime and poverty spiraling upward, international relations roiling: we look to leaders for solutions, and when they don't deliver, we simply add their failure to our list of woes. In doing do, we do them and ourselves a grave disservice. We are indeed facing an unprecedented crisis of leadership, Ronald Heifetz avows, but it stems as much from our demands and expectations as from any leader's inability to meet them. His book gets at both of these problems, offering a practical approach to leadership for those who lead as well as those who look to them for answers. Fitting the theory and practice of leadership to our extraordinary times, the book promotes a new social contract, a revitalization of our civic life just when we most need it. Drawing on a dozen years of research among managers, officers, and politicians in the public realm and the private sector, among the nonprofits, and in teaching, Heifetz presents clear, concrete prescriptions for anyone who needs to take the lead in almost any situation, under almost any organizational conditions, no matter who is in charge, His strategy applies not only to people at the top but also to those who must lead without authority—activists as well as presidents, managers as well as workers on the front line.

The Political Presidency: Practice of Leadership from Kennedy through Reagan
Kellerman, Barbara. The Political Presidency: Practice of Leadership from Kennedy through Reagan, 1984. Publisher's VersionAbstract

How presidents lead—or fail to—is the central concern of this pointed analysis of political leadership in America. Beginning with a solid theoretical examination of the political leadership, Kellerman moves on to assess the nature of presidential power under America's six most recent administrations and considers the way each president handled the most important item on his domestic agenda.

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Journal Articles

Fung, Archon. “Infotopia : Unleashing the Democratic Power of Transparency.” Politics & Society 42, no. 2 (2013): 183-212. Publisher's VersionAbstract

In Infotopia, citizens enjoy a wide range of information about the organizations upon which they rely for the satisfaction of their vital interests. The provision of that information is governed by principles of democratic transparency. Democratic transparency both extends and critiques current enthusiasms about transparency. It urges us to conceptualize information politically, as a resource to turn the behavior of large organizations in socially beneficial ways. Transparency efforts have targets, and we should think of those targets as large organizations: public and civic, but especially private and corporate. Democratic transparency consists of four principles. First, information about the operations and actions of large organizations that affect citizens’ interests should be rich, deep, and readily available to the public. Second, the amount of available information should be proportionate to the extent to which those organizations jeopardize citizens’ interests. Third, information should be organized and provided in ways that are accessible to individuals and groups that use that information. Finally, the social, political, and economic structures of society should be organized in ways that allow individuals and groups to take action based on Infotopia’s public disclosures.

Fung, Archon, David Weil, and Mary Graham. “Targeting Transparency.” Science 340 (2013): 1410-1411. Publisher's VersionAbstract

When rules, taxes, or subsidies prove impractical as policy tools, governments increasingly employ “targeted transparency,” compelling disclosure of information as an alternative means of achieving specific objectives. For example, the U.S. Affordable Care Act of 2010 requires calories be posted on menus to enlist both restaurants and patrons in the effort to reduce obesity. It is crucial to understand when and how such targeted transparency works, as well as when it is inappropriate. Research about its use and effectiveness has begun to take shape, drawing on social and behavioral scientists, economists, and legal scholars. We explore questions central to the performance of targeted transparency policies.

Fung, Archon, Hollie Russon Gilman, and Jennifer Shkabatur. “Six Models for the Internet + Politics.” International Studies Review 15 (2013): 30-47. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Many agree that digital technologies are transforming politics. They disagree, however, about the significance and character of that transformation. Many of the pioneers of understanding the distinctive dynamics of new digital media platforms—social media and collaborative production—are quite optimistic about the potential for the Internet to dramatically increase the quality of democratic governance. On the other hand, some political scientists who have examined actual patterns of political activity and expression on digital platforms come away skeptical that digital platforms will bring equality or inclusion to democratic politics. We bring these two opposed perspectives in this article by developing six models of how digital technologies might affect democratic politics: the empowered public sphere, displacement of traditional organizations by new digitally self-organized groups, digitally direct democracy, truth-based advocacy, constituent mobilization, and crowd-sourced social monitoring. Reasoning from the character of political incentives and institutional constraints, we argue that the first three revolutionary and transformative models are less likely to occur than the second three models that describe incremental contributions of technology to politics.

Kylander, Nathalie, and Christopher Stone. “The Role of Brand in the Nonprofit Sector.” Stanford Social Innovation Review (2012): 36-41. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Many nonprofits continue to use their brands primarily as a fund- raising tool, but a growing number of nonprofits are developing a broader and more strategic approach, managing their brands to create greater social impact and tighter organizational cohesion. 

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Working Papers

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Other Publications

Cases

Gordon, Rachel, and Alnoor Ebrahim. “ActionAid International: Globalizing Governance, Localizing Accountability,” 2010. Publisher's VersionAbstract

As a global NGO working in 45 countries, ActionAid International aims to eradicate poverty by addressing its underlying causes such as injustice and inequality. This case follows a series of radical transformations implemented by the organization's CEO, Ramesh Singh—a power shift from its headquarters in London to an international secretariat in Johannesburg; a new federated governance structure that increases the influence of units in Africa and Asia; and, innovations in accountability and transparency to the poor communities with which it works. But as Singh gets ready to step down after seven years, he is confronted with challenges from newly empowered country units that he feels risk taking the organization in the wrong direction. How will the divisions between the Northern and Southern units play out? Will they tear the organization apart, just when it is becoming a global player?

Reviews

Book Chapters

Fung, Archon. “Popular Election Monitoring.” In Race, Reform, and Regulatory Institutions: Recurring Puzzles in American Democracy, edited by Heather Gerken, Guy-Uriel E Charles, and Michael S Kang, 2011. Publisher's Version
Fung, Archon. “Democracy and the Policy Process.” In Oxford Handbook of Public Policy, edited by Martin Rein, Michael Moran, and Robert E Goodin, 669-685. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Fung, Archon, and Susan Rosegrant. “What Should Be Built at Ground Zero?.” In Ethics and Politics: Cases and Comments, edited by Amy Gutmann and Dennis F Thompson, 303-312. 4th ed. Belmont, Ca: Thomson-Wadsworth, 2006.
Fung, Archon, and Scott Zdrazil. “Ecologies of Workforce Development in Milwaukee.” In Workforce Development Politics: Civic Capacity and Performance, edited by Robert P Giloth, 75-101. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004.